Object (ऑब्जेक्ट) - कारक
The Object is the other part of the sentence that tells us about the what is being affected by the action the subject.
कारक (object) वाक्य का दूसरा भाग है और यह जानकारी देता है कि कर्ता द्वारा किये गये कार्य का प्रभाव किस पर पड़े रहा है.

In other words, object is whatever is affected by the action or state of the subject.
अलग शब्दों में, कर्ता के कार्य या अवस्था से जिस पर भी प्रभाव पड़ता है व कारक (Object) कहलाता है.

I am eating food.
Here the noun food is the object of the sentence.
इस वाक्य में संज्ञा food कारक की भूमिका में है.

She is very happy
The phrase very happy is the object of this sentence.
यहां वाक्यांश very happy इस वाक्य का कारक है.

Government officers visited our house after the earthquake.
Here the house after the earthquake is the object.
इस वाक्य में कारक है the house after the earthquake.

Direct & Indirect Objects - प्रत्यक्ष और अप्रत्यक्ष कारक
Some sentences have two objects - direct and indirect.
कुछ वाक्यों में 2 कारक होते हैं - प्रत्यक्ष और अप्रत्यक्ष.

He gave my friend a spoon.

This sentence has two objects - my friend and a spoon.
इस वाक्य के दो कारक हैं - my friend और a spoon.
  • my friend is the indirect object
    my friend अप्रत्यक्ष कारक है

  • a spoon is the direct object.
    a spoon प्रत्यक्ष कारक है
You can distinguish Direct and Indirect Objects based on their usage in the sentence.
उपयोग के आधार पर आप प्रत्यक्ष और अप्रत्यक्ष कारक को पहचान सकते हैं.

He gave a spoon to my friend.

In the sentence above, the sequence of the two objects has been reversed by adding a to.
इस वाक्य में हमने दोनों कारक के स्थान को आपस में स्थान्आंत्रित करने के लिये एक to जोड़ा है.
  • to my friend is the indirect object
    to my friend अप्रत्यक्ष कारक है

  • a spoon is the direct object.
    a spoon प्रत्यक्ष कारक है
Case of Personal Pronouns
When personal pronouns are used in the object, their case must be considered.

I told him.
She told me.

The pronouns concerned are
I / me
he / him
she / her
we / us
they / them
who / whom, whoever